Gaza Strip Location
Gaza Strip is located on the Mediterranean Sea along the Mediterranean northeast of the Sinai Peninsula, an area of about 363 km2 , and is one of the densely populated areas , where the number of population in which based on statistics in 2017 about 1,795,183 people , most of them speak Arabic, Hebrew, and English, and the majority of the population embraces the Islamic religion, with a ratio of 98.0 to 99.0%, while Christians make up less than 1.0% of the population, and Gaza City is the main city and the administrative center in the Strip. The sector also includes the following cities Beit Lahia in the north, Rafah and Khan Yunis in the south.
Climate in the Gaza Strip
As a result of the Gaza Strip being located on a coastal plain, temperatures range between 13 degrees Celsius in winter and about 30 degrees Celsius in summer, and the average rainfall in the area is estimated at about 300 mm annually.
Living conditions in the Gaza Strip
The living conditions in the Gaza Strip are considered bad due to several reasons, including; High and rapidly increasing population density, insufficient water, sanitation and electrical services, high unemployment rates, and sanctions imposed by Israel on the Strip.
The agricultural support is the basis for the economy of the population in the Gaza Strip. The cultivated land in the Gaza Strip constitutes about three quarters of the area. Citrus is one of the main crops that are exported to Europe and other markets. Olive and wheat crops are also produced, while the light industry in the Strip is focused on handicrafts.
History of the Gaza Strip
Between 1917 and 1948, the Strip was part of Great Britain , and after the armistice agreement of 1949 and until the 1967 war, the Strip became under Egyptian administration, except for the period between January 1956 and March 1957, when it was under Israeli occupation, and after the 1967 war, Israel occupied the Strip and the establishment of settlements, and in 1993 an agreement was signed between Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization, and in 1994, the Israeli occupation forces left large parts of the Gaza Strip and deployed Palestinian forces in the Strip. In 2004, Israeli Prime Minister Sharon announced a plan for Israeli withdrawal from all parts of the Strip. Withdrawal from all settlements in 2005.