Gaza is considered one of the oldest and most ancient Arab cities. Historians have conflicting information about the name of the city of Gaza. They differed among themselves about the correct or accurate name, as is always the case in most ancient cities.
Some pointed out that it is in relation to the strength that the city enjoys, and others referred to the wealth that the city enjoys, and others saw that it means distinction and specialization from the rest of the other cities, but so far no accurate information has been provided for this name, and Gaza was mentioned for the first time in history. In a manuscript dating back to the period BC, specifically to the fifteenth century, of Pharaoh Thutmose III.
The Arabs called the Palestinian city known as Gaza (Hashem Gaza), and this name goes back to the presence of the tomb of the grandfather of the Prophet Muhammad, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him (Hashem bin Abd Manaf), which is the city of Imam Shafi’i and his birthplace. “Hazati” for the Canaanites, and it was known as “Ghazato” from the Egyptians of the Pharaohs, and “Vaza and Izzati” among the Assyrians and Greeks, and “Ghadirs” as the Crusaders called it, as for the Turks, it is known to them as “Gaza”, as it was called by the Arabs until right Now .
The Canaanites founded the city of Gaza in the fifteenth century BC, and it was always subject to many greed from all kinds of colonizers.
History did not mention that it obtained its absolute autonomy, as it was colonized in succession by (the Greeks, the Romans, the Pharaohs, the Byzantines, the Ottomans, the British, and the Israeli occupation).
Muslims liberated Gaza from the hands of the Crusaders, who were in control of it, at the hands of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi, and it flourished and grew during the period of the Ottoman occupation, but soon the Second World War erupted and fell under British colonialism.
At the time of the Arab-Israeli war in 1948, Egypt took over the administration of the lands of the Gaza Strip. Then came the setback in 1967, and it fell into the hands of the Israeli occupation, and after that it submitted to the Palestinian Authority as a result of peace treaties.