The Gaza Strip occupies an area of 360 km2 in the southern part of the Palestinian coastal plain overlooking the Mediterranean Sea, and takes the form of a narrow strip extending on the northeastern side of the Sinai Peninsula.
Gaza Strip Governorates
The Gaza Strip consists of five administrative regions under the rule of Hamas, and the Strip is divided into five main governorates, namely:
North Gaza Governorate: The North Gaza Governorate consists of several population centers, the most important of which are the city of Jabalia, Beit Lahia, and Beit Hanoun.
Population census estimates for the year 2005 AD indicate that the population of the governorate has exceeded approximately 281 thousand people, and the city of Beit Lahia contains the largest share of the population, estimated at 55 thousand people.
Gaza Governorate: The Gaza Governorate occupies a geographical location in the northern part of the Strip, and shares borders with the Northern Governorate from the northern side, as for the south it is bordered by Wadi Gaza, and shares water borders with the Mediterranean Sea from the western side, and from the east with the lands of the State of Palestine.
The population of the Gaza Governorate, which numbered about 505,700 people, according to estimates in 2006 AD, is distributed over its area, which extends to 74 km2, and by the year 2010 AD, their number increased to 534,558 people.
Among the administrative areas included in this governorate are Madinat Al-Zahra, Al-Shati Camp, Al-Mughraqa City, and others.
Al Wusta Governorate: Also known as Deir Al-Balah Governorate, it is located in the heart of the sector, and includes a number of cities: Al-Maghazi, Deir Al-Balah, Al-Zawaida, Al-Nuseirat, and Wadi Al-Salqa.
The governorate’s population of about 205,414 is distributed over its 27 square kilometer area.
Khan Yunis Governorate: It takes Khan Yunis as its capital, and a population of approximately 280,000 people resides on its lands.
Rafah Governorate: It occupies a geographical space in the southern part of the Strip, and takes the city of Rafah as its administrative capital.
The Gaza Strip shares borders with the occupied parts of Palestine on both the northern and eastern sides at the same time, and its borders with Egypt are on the southwestern side.
This area is considered among the list of lands that the Palestinian Authority is making efforts to include within its borders through negotiation.
Population census statistics for 2016 indicate that the population of the Gaza Strip has exceeded nearly two million, with a population density estimated at 4,118 people / km2, and the number increased after the region recorded about 200,000 births during the past four years. Information provided by the Palestinian Ministry of Interior confirms that the vast majority of the population of the Gaza Strip are refugees from the 1948 AD, distributed among more than 44 Palestinian communities; Among them are Khan Yunis, Bani Suhaila, Nuseirat, Gaza, Jabalia, Deir al-Balah and others.