Gaza City in Palestine

Gaza City in Palestine is one of the most important cities, as it is one the oldest cities in history.

Moreover, It is a coastal city and the largest city in the Gaza Strip.

It was occupied by many invaders such as the Pharaohs, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Ottomans, English, and others that formed its ancient history and rich culture.

Do you know how Gaza City was established?

The Canaanites founded the city in the fifteenth century B.C.

What does “Gaza” mean?

First: The Canaanites called it “Hazati”

Second: The pharaohs called it “Ghazato”

Third: The Assyrians and Greeks called it (Azzati) and (Vaza).

Fourth: The Hebrews called it (Uzzah).

Fifthly: The Crusaders called her (Gadders).

Sixth: The Turks did not change its Arabic name (Gaza).

Seventh: The British did not change its name, but they changed it in their Gaza dialect.

Eighth: Napoleon described it as “the gateway to Asia and the gateway to Africa”.

What is the geographical location of Gaza?

Gaza is located in the northern Gaza Strip, at the southern end of the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea.


North and East: The Israeli Occupation.

Northwest: The Mediterranean sea.

The area:

It covers an area of 365 km²

How is the weather in Gaza?

The weather is it is intense heat, accompanied by strong sunlight, while winter is moderately hot

What is the currency of Gaza?

What is the national language of Gaza?

What is the main traditional food in Gaza?

What are the kinds of transportation available in Gaza?

There are many types of transportation such as:

  1. Taxi.
  2. Gaza port:

However, after the occupation, Palestinian use it for hunting only.


The population of Gaza is about 590,481 according to Statistics for the year 2017.

Brief History of Gaza City in Palestine

Gaza City is one of the oldest cities in the world.

Importance of the location of Gaza City in Palestine:

It gained great importance due to its sensitive geographical location at the meeting point of the continents of Asia and Africa, which gave it many advantages such as:

  1. A superior strategic and military importance, as it is the front line for the defense of Palestine, and indeed all of the Levant to the south. 
  2. In addition, Its advanced location had a great role in defending the Egyptian depth in its northeast.
  3. It made it the battlefield for most of the empires in the ancient and modern world, Pharaonic, Assyrian, Persian, Greek, Roman, then Crusader, and in the First World War.
  4. Moreover, The location of Gaza City at the climactic dividing line made it occupy the boundary position between the desert in the south and the Mediterranean climate in the north.
  5. therefore it is between two contrasting regions, which gave it the role of a vibrant commercial “market” with global products. And cold since ancient times.

Gates of Old Gaza City in Palestine:

  1. First, “Bab al-Bahr” or “Mimas Gate” relative to its port to the west.
  2. Second, “Bab Ashkelon” to the north.
  3. Third, “Bab al-Khalil” To the east.
  4. Fourth, “Bab ad-Durb”, the door to Deir al-Rum, or Darom, to the south. 

The economy in Gaza City:

The economy of Gaza City depends on:

  1. The trade.
  2. The agriculture.
  3. Tourism.
  4. Industry.

1. Trading of Gaza City in Palestine

Gaza played a prominent role as a seaport and traffic trading base.

The Ottoman period

After the Israeli occupation

Gaza Markets

Exports and Imports in Gaza City in Palestine

Farming of Gaza City in Palestine

Irrigation in Gaza city in Palestine

Industry of Gaza City in Palestine

The most prominent historical and tourist attractions in Gaza City in Palestine

Al-Omari Great Mosque

Gaza City in Palestine
Al-Omari Great Mosque

Al-Sayed Hashem Mosque

Gaza City in Palestine
Al-Sayed Hashem Mosque

Moroccan Mosque

Al-Bardbakia Court Mosque

Caesarea Market

The Pasha Palace, Sabil al-Sultan

The Path of Sultan Abdul Hamid

The Ahmadiyya Zawiya

Samra bath

The Greek Orthodox Church

Gaza City in Palestine
The Greek Orthodox Church

Hill of housing

It is Tal al-Sakan, located five kilometers south of Gaza City in Palestine; In the Zahraa area.

It is one of the most important archaeological sites in the Gaza governorates.

Palestinian-French scientific excavation

A joint Palestinian-French scientific excavation was carried out on this site in 1998.

Two main stages

First: the Early Bronze Age (3200-3000 BC)

Second: the Third Early Bronze Age (2650-2200 BC)

Two stages of human settlement:

Egyptian Pharaonic discoveries