The Gaza Strip is located in a transitional zone between the arid desert climate of the Sinai Peninsula and the temperate and semi-humid Mediterranean climate along the coast. .moreover, average rainfall ranges between 400 mm/yr in the north and 230 mm/yr in the south.
The Gaza Strip has a hot semi-arid climate, with warm winters during which practically all the annual rainfall occurs, and dry, hot summers. Despite the dryness, humidity is high throughout the year.
Annual rainfall is higher than in any other part of Egypt at around 300 to 400 millimetres (12 to 16 in), but almost all of this falls between November and February. In addition, the terrain is flat or rolling, with dunes near the coast.
The highest point is Abu ‘Awdah (Joz Abu ‘Auda), at 105 meters (344 ft) above sea level. Environmental problems include desertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment; water-borne diseases; soil degradation; and depletion and contamination of underground water resources. Read more